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00001 """ This module contains the PyGTKCodeBuffer-class. This class is a 
    specialisation of the gtk.TextBuffer and enables syntax-highlighting for 
    PyGTK's TextView-widget. 
    To use the syntax-highlighting feature you have load a syntax-definition or
    specify your own. To load one please read the docs for the SyntaxLoader()
    class. """

# This library is free software: you can redistribute it and/or modify
# it under the terms of the GNU Lesser General Public License as published by
# the Free Software Foundation, either version 3 of the License, or
# (at your option) any later version.
# This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
# but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
# GNU Lesser General Public License for more details.
# You should have received a copy of the GNU Lesser General Public License
# along with this program.  If not, see <http://www.gnu.org/licenses/>.

import gtk
import pango
import re
import sys
import os.path
import xml.sax
import imp
from xml.sax.handler import ContentHandler
from xml.sax.saxutils import unescape

__version__ = "1.0RC2"
__author__  = "Hannes Matuschek <hmatuschek@gmail.com>"

# defined the default styles
    'DEFAULT':      {'font': 'monospace'},
    'comment':      {'foreground': '#0000FF'},
    'preprocessor': {'foreground': '#A020F0'},
    'keyword':      {'foreground': '#A52A2A',
                     'weight': pango.WEIGHT_BOLD},
    'special':      {'foreground': 'turquoise'},
    'mark1':        {'foreground': '#008B8B'},
    'mark2':        {'foreground': '#6A5ACD'},
    'string':       {'foreground': '#FF00FF'},
    'number':       {'foreground': '#FF00FF'},
    'datatype':     {'foreground': '#2E8B57',
                     'weight': pango.WEIGHT_BOLD},
    'function':     {'foreground': '#008A8C'},

    'link':         {'foreground': '#0000FF',
                     'underline': pango.UNDERLINE_SINGLE}}


00061 def _main_is_frozen():
    """ Internal used function. """
    return (hasattr(sys, "frozen") or # new py2exe
            hasattr(sys, "importers") # old py2exe
            or imp.is_frozen("__main__")) # tools/freeze

if _main_is_frozen():
    this_module_path = os.path.dirname(sys.executable)
    this_module_path = os.path.abspath(os.path.dirname(__file__))

# defines default-search paths for syntax-files 
SYNTAX_PATH = [ os.path.join('.','extlib','gtkcodebuffer','syntax'), os.path.join('.', 'syntax'),

# enable/disable debug-messages

# Some log functions...
#   (internal used)
def _log_debug(msg):
    if not DEBUG_FLAG:
    sys.stderr.write("DEBUG: ")
def _log_warn(msg):
    sys.stderr.write("WARN: ")
def _log_error(msg):
    sys.stderr.write("ERROR: ")

00108 def add_syntax_path(path_or_list):
    """ This function adds one (string) or many (list of strings) paths to the 
        global search-paths for syntax-files. """
    global SYNTAX_PATH
    # handle list of strings
    if isinstance(path_or_list, (list, tuple)):
        for i in range(len(path_or_list)):
            SYNTAX_PATH.insert(0, path_or_list[-i])
    # handle single string
    elif isinstance(path_or_list, basestring):
        SYNTAX_PATH.insert(0, path_or_list)
    # handle attr-error
        raise TypeError, "Argument must be path-string or list of strings"
00125 class Pattern:
    """ More or less internal used class representing a pattern. You may use 
        this class to "hard-code" your syntax-definition. """

00129     def __init__(self, regexp, style="DEFAULT", group=0, flags=""):
        """ The constructor takes at least on argument: the regular-expression.
            The optional kwarg style defines the style applied to the string
            matched by the regexp. 
            The kwarg group may be used to define which group of the regular 
            expression will be used for highlighting (Note: This means that only
            the selected group will be highlighted but the complete pattern must
            The optional kwarg flags specifies flags for the regular expression.
            Look at the Python lib-ref for a list of flags and there meaning."""
        # assemble re-flag
        flags += "ML"; flag   = 0
        _log_debug("init rule %s -> %s (%s)"%(regexp, style, flags))
        for char in flags:
            if char == 'M': flag |= re.M
            if char == 'L': flag |= re.L
            if char == 'S': flag |= re.S
            if char == 'I': flag |= re.I
            if char == 'U': flag |= re.U
            if char == 'X': flag |= re.X

        # compile re        
        try: self._regexp = re.compile(regexp, flag)
        except re.error, e: 
            raise Exception("Invalid regexp \"%s\": %s"%(regexp,str(e)))

        self._group  = group
        self.tag_name = style
    def __call__(self, txt, start, end):
        m = self._regexp.search(txt)
        if not m: return None
        mstart, mend = m.start(self._group), m.end(self._group)
        s = start.copy(); s.forward_chars(mstart)
        e = start.copy(); e.forward_chars(mend)
        return (s,e)    

00176 class KeywordList(Pattern):
    """ This class may be used for hard-code a syntax-definition. It specifies 
        a pattern for a keyword-list. This simplifies the definition of 
        keyword-lists. """

00181     def __init__(self, keywords, style="keyword", flags=""):
        """ The constructor takes at least on argument: A list of strings 
            specifying the keywords to highlight. 
            The optional kwarg style specifies the style used to highlight these
            The optional kwarg flags specifies the flags for the 
            (internal generated) regular-expression. """
        regexp = "(?:\W|^)(%s)\W"%("|".join(keywords),)
        Pattern.__init__(self, regexp, style, group=1, flags=flags)
00195 class String:
    """ This class may be used to hard-code a syntax-definition. It simplifies 
        the definition of a "string". A "string" is something that consists of
        a start-pattern and an end-pattern. The end-pattern may be content of 
        the string if it is escaped. """

00201     def __init__(self, starts, ends, escape=None, style="string"):
        """ The constructor needs at least two arguments: The start- and 
            The optional kwarg escape specifies a escape-sequence escaping the 
            The optional kwarg style specifies the style used to highlight the
            string. """
            self._starts  = re.compile(starts)
        except re.error, e: 
            raise Exception("Invalid regexp \"%s\": %s"%(regexp,str(e)))
        if escape:
            end_exp = "[^%(esc)s](?:%(esc)s%(esc)s)*%(end)s"
            end_exp = end_exp%{'esc':escape*2,'end':ends}
            end_exp = ends

            self._ends    = re.compile(end_exp)
        except re.error, e: 
            raise Exception("Invalid regexp \"%s\": %s"%(regexp,str(e)))

        self.tag_name = style

    def __call__(self, txt, start, end):
        start_match = self._starts.search(txt)
        if not start_match: return
        start_it = start.copy()
        end_it   = end.copy()
        end_match = self._ends.search(txt, start_match.end(0)-1)
        if end_match:
        return  start_it, end_it

00245 class LanguageDefinition:
    """ This class is a container class for all rules (Pattern, KeywordList, 
        ...) specifying the language. You have to used this class if you like
        to hard-code your syntax-definition. """
00250     def __init__(self, rules):
        """ The constructor takes only one argument: A list of rules (i.e 
            Pattern, KeywordList and String). """
        self._grammar = rules
        self._styles = dict()
    def __call__(self, buf, start, end=None):
        # if no end given -> end of buffer
        if not end: end = buf.get_end_iter()
        mstart = mend = end
        mtag   = None
        txt = buf.get_slice(start, end)    
        # search min match
        for rule in self._grammar:
            # search pattern
            m = rule(txt, start, end)            
            if not m: continue
            # prefer match with smallest start-iter 
            if m[0].compare(mstart) < 0:
                mstart, mend = m
                mtag = rule.tag_name
            if m[0].compare(mstart)==0 and m[1].compare(mend)>0:
                mstart, mend = m
                mtag = rule.tag_name

        return (mstart, mend, mtag)                

    def get_styles(self):
        return self._styles

00291 class SyntaxLoader(ContentHandler, LanguageDefinition):
    """ This class loads a syntax definition. There have to be a file
        named LANGUAGENAME.xml in one of the directories specified in the
        global path-list. You may add a directory using the add_syntax_path()
        function. """
    # some translation-tables for the style-defs:
    style_weight_table =    {'ultralight': pango.WEIGHT_ULTRALIGHT,
                             'light': pango.WEIGHT_LIGHT,
                             'normal': pango.WEIGHT_NORMAL,
                             'bold':   pango.WEIGHT_BOLD,
                             'ultrabold': pango.WEIGHT_ULTRABOLD,
                             'heavy': pango.WEIGHT_HEAVY}
    style_variant_table =   {'normal': pango.VARIANT_NORMAL,
                             'smallcaps': pango.VARIANT_SMALL_CAPS}
    style_underline_table = {'none': pango.UNDERLINE_NONE,
                             'single': pango.UNDERLINE_SINGLE,
                             'double': pango.UNDERLINE_DOUBLE}
    style_style_table =     {'normal': pango.STYLE_NORMAL,
                             'oblique': pango.STYLE_OBLIQUE,
                             'italic': pango.STYLE_ITALIC}                                                   
    style_scale_table =     {
                            'xx_small': pango.SCALE_XX_SMALL,
                            'x_small':  pango.SCALE_X_SMALL,
                            'small':  pango.SCALE_SMALL,
                            'medium':  pango.SCALE_MEDIUM,
                            'large':  pango.SCALE_LARGE,
                            'x_large':  pango.SCALE_X_LARGE,
                            'xx_large': pango.SCALE_XX_LARGE,
00323     def __init__(self, lang_name):
        """ The constructor takes only one argument: the language name.
            The constructor tries to load the syntax-definition from a 
            syntax-file in one directory of the global path-list. 
            An instance of this class IS a LanguageDefinition. You can pass it
            to the constructor of the CodeBuffer class. """
        LanguageDefinition.__init__(self, [])

        # search for syntax-files:
        fname = None
        for syntax_dir in SYNTAX_PATH:
            fname = os.path.join(syntax_dir, "%s.xml"%lang_name)
            if os.path.isfile(fname): break

        _log_debug("Loading syntaxfile %s"%fname)
        if not os.path.isfile(fname):
            raise Exception("No snytax-file for %s found!"%lang_name)
        xml.sax.parse(fname, self)
    # Dispatch start/end - document/element and chars        
    def startDocument(self):
        self.__stack   = []
    def endDocument(self):
        del self.__stack
    def startElement(self, name, attr):
        self.__stack.append( (name, attr) )
        if hasattr(self, "start_%s"%name):
            handler = getattr(self, "start_%s"%name)
    def endElement(self, name):
        if hasattr(self, "end_%s"%name):
            handler = getattr(self, "end_%s"%name)
        del self.__stack[-1]

    def characters(self, txt):
        if not self.__stack: return
        name, attr = self.__stack[-1]
        if hasattr(self, "chars_%s"%name):
            handler = getattr(self, "chars_%s"%name)

    # Handle regexp-patterns
    def start_pattern(self, attr):
        self.__pattern = ""
        self.__group   = 0
        self.__flags   = ''
        self.__style   = attr['style']
        if 'group' in attr.keys(): self.__group = int(attr['group'])
        if 'flags' in attr.keys(): self.__flags = attr['flags']
    def end_pattern(self):
        rule = Pattern(self.__pattern, self.__style, self.__group, self.__flags)
        del self.__pattern
        del self.__group
        del self.__flags
        del self.__style
    def chars_pattern(self, txt):
        self.__pattern += unescape(txt)

    # handle keyword-lists
    def start_keywordlist(self, attr):
        self.__style = "keyword"
        self.__flags = ""
        if 'style' in attr.keys():
            self.__style = attr['style']
        if 'flags' in attr.keys():
            self.__flags = attr['flags']
        self.__keywords = []
    def end_keywordlist(self):
        kwlist = KeywordList(self.__keywords, self.__style, self.__flags)
        del self.__keywords
        del self.__style
        del self.__flags
    def start_keyword(self, attr):
    def end_keyword(self):
        if not self.__keywords[-1]:
            del self.__keywords[-1]
    def chars_keyword(self, txt):
        parent,pattr = self.__stack[-2]
        if not parent == "keywordlist": return
        self.__keywords[-1] += unescape(txt)

    #handle String-definitions
    def start_string(self, attr):
        self.__style = "string"
        self.__escape = None
        if 'escape' in attr.keys():
            self.__escape = attr['escape']
        if 'style' in attr.keys():
            self.__style = attr['style']
        self.__start_pattern = ""
        self.__end_pattern = ""

    def end_string(self):
        strdef = String(self.__start_pattern, self.__end_pattern,
                        self.__escape, self.__style)
        del self.__style
        del self.__escape
        del self.__start_pattern
        del self.__end_pattern
    def chars_starts(self, txt):
        self.__start_pattern += unescape(txt)
    def chars_ends(self, txt):
        self.__end_pattern += unescape(txt)

    # handle style
    def start_style(self, attr):
        self.__style_props = dict()
        self.__style_name = attr['name']
    def end_style(self):
        self._styles[self.__style_name] = self.__style_props
        del self.__style_props
        del self.__style_name
    def start_property(self, attr):
        self.__style_prop_name = attr['name']
    def chars_property(self, value):
        # convert value
        if self.__style_prop_name in ['font','foreground','background',]:
        elif self.__style_prop_name == 'variant':
            if not value in self.style_variant_table.keys():
                Exception("Unknown style-variant: %s"%value)
            value = self.style_variant_table[value]
        elif self.__style_prop_name == 'underline':
            if not value in self.style_underline_table.keys():
                Exception("Unknown underline-style: %s"%value)
            value = self.style_underline_table[value]
        elif self.__style_prop_name == 'scale':
            if not value in self.style_scale_table.keys():
                Exception("Unknown scale-style: %s"%value)
            value = self.style_scale_table[value]

        elif self.__style_prop_name == 'weight':
            if not value in self.style_weight_table.keys():
                Exception("Unknown style-weight: %s"%value)
            value = self.style_weight_table[value]
        elif self.__style_prop_name == 'style':
            if not value in self.style_style_table[value]:
                Exception("Unknwon text-style: %s"%value)
            value = self.style_style_table[value]
            raise Exception("Unknown style-property %s"%self.__style_prop_name)

        # store value            
        self.__style_props[self.__style_prop_name] = value
00507 class CodeBuffer(gtk.TextBuffer):
    """ This class extends the gtk.TextBuffer to support syntax-highlighting. 
        You can use this class like a normal TextBuffer. """
00511     def __init__(self, table=None, lang=None, styles={}):
        """ The constructor takes 3 optional arguments. 
            table specifies a tag-table associated with the TextBuffer-instance.
            This argument will be passed directly to the constructor of the 
            lang specifies the language-definition. You have to load one using
            the SyntaxLoader-class or you may hard-code your syntax-definition 
            using the LanguageDefinition-class. 
            styles is a dictionary used to extend or overwrite the default styles
            provided by this module (DEFAULT_STYLE) and any language specific 
            styles defined by the LanguageDefinition. """
        gtk.TextBuffer.__init__(self, table)

        # default styles    
        self.styles = DEFAULT_STYLES
        # update styles with lang-spec:
        if lang:
        # update styles with user-defined
        # create tags
        for name, props in self.styles.items():
            style = dict(self.styles['DEFAULT'])    # take default
            style.update(props)                     # and update with props
            self.create_tag(name, **style)
        # store lang-definition
        self._lang_def = lang
        self.connect_after("insert-text", self._on_insert_text)
        self.connect_after("delete-range", self._on_delete_range)
        self.connect('apply-tag', self._on_apply_tag)
        self._apply_tags = False
    def _on_apply_tag(self, buf, tag, start, end):
        # FIXME This is a hack! It allows apply-tag only while
        #       _on_insert_text() and _on_delete_range()
        if not self._apply_tags:
            return True
        _log_debug("tag \"%s\" as %s"%(self.get_slice(start,end), tag.get_property("name")))
    def _on_insert_text(self, buf, it, text, length):
        # if no syntax defined -> nop
        if not self._lang_def: return False
        it = it.copy()
        if not it.begins_tag():
            _log_debug("Not tag-start -> moved iter to %i (%s)"%(it.get_offset(), it.get_char()))

        if it.begins_tag(self.get_tag_table().lookup("DEFAULT")):
            _log_debug("Iter at DEFAULT-start -> moved to %i (%s)"%(it.get_offset(), it.get_char()))
        self._apply_tags = True    
        self._apply_tags = False
    def _on_delete_range(self, buf, start, end):
        # if no syntax defined -> nop
        if not self._lang_def: return False

        start = start.copy()
        if not start.begins_tag():
        self._apply_tags = True                
        self._apply_tags = False
00595     def update_syntax(self, start, end=None):
        """ More or less internal used method to update the 
            syntax-highlighting. """
        # if no lang set    
        if not self._lang_def: return             
        _log_debug("Update syntax from %i"%start.get_offset())
        # if not end defined
        if not end: end = self.get_end_iter()
        # We do not use recursion -> long files exceed rec-limit!
        finished = False
        while not finished: 
            # search first rule matching txt[start..end]            
            mstart, mend, tagname = self._lang_def(self, start, end)

            # optimisation: if mstart-mend is allready tagged with tagname 
            #   -> finished
            if tagname:     #if something found
                tag = self.get_tag_table().lookup(tagname)
                if mstart.begins_tag(tag) and mend.ends_tag(tag) and not mstart.equal(start):
                    self.apply_tag_by_name("DEFAULT", start, mstart)
                    _log_debug("Optimized: Found old tag at %i (%s)"%(mstart.get_offset(), mstart.get_char()))
                    # finish
                    finished = True
            # remove all tags from start..mend (mend == buffer-end if no match)        
            self.remove_all_tags(start, mend)
            # make start..mstart = DEFAUL (mstart == buffer-end if no match)
            if not start.equal(mstart):
                _log_debug("Apply DEFAULT")
                self.apply_tag_by_name("DEFAULT", start, mstart)                
            # nothing found -> finished
            if not tagname: 
                finished = True
            # apply tag
            _log_debug("Apply %s"%tagname)
            self.apply_tag_by_name(tagname, mstart, mend)

            start = mend
            if start == end: 
                finished = True                 
00646     def reset_language(self, lang_def):
        """ Reset the currently used language-definition. """
        # remove all tags from complete text
        start = self.get_start_iter()
        self.remove_all_tags(start, self.get_end_iter())
        # store lexer
        self._lang_def = lang_def
        # update styles from lang_def:
        if self._lang_def:
        # and ...
        self._apply_tags = True
        self._apply_tags = False
00662     def update_styles(self, styles):
        """ Update styles. This method may be used to reset any styles at
            runtime. """
        table = self.get_tag_table()
        for name, props in styles.items():
            style = self.styles['DEFAULT']
            # if tagname is unknown:
            if not table.lookup(name):
                _log_debug("Create tag: %s (%s)"%(name, style))
                self.create_tag(name, **style) 
            else: # update tag
                tag = table.lookup(name)
                _log_debug("Update tag %s with (%s)"%(name, style))
                map(lambda i: tag.set_property(i[0],i[1]), style.items())


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