Logo Search packages:      
Sourcecode: w3af version File versions  Download package

tree.py

# Natural Language Toolkit: Graphical Representations for Trees
#
# Copyright (C) 2001-2009 NLTK Project
# Author: Edward Loper <edloper@gradient.cis.upenn.edu>
# URL: <http://www.nltk.org/>
# For license information, see LICENSE.TXT
#
# $Id: tree.py 7460 2009-01-29 01:06:02Z StevenBird1 $

"""
Graphically display a C{Tree}.
"""

import sys

from nltk import Tree, bracket_parse

from util import *

##//////////////////////////////////////////////////////
##  Tree Segment
##//////////////////////////////////////////////////////

00024 class TreeSegmentWidget(CanvasWidget):
    """
    A canvas widget that displays a single segment of a hierarchical
    tree.  Each C{TreeSegmentWidget} connects a single X{node widget}
    to a sequence of zero or more X{subtree widgets}.  By default, the
    bottom of the node is connected to the top of each subtree by a
    single line.  However, if the C{roof} attribute is set, then a
    single triangular "roof" will connect the node to all of its
    children.  

    Attributes:
      - C{roof}: What sort of connection to draw between the node and
        its subtrees.  If C{roof} is true, draw a single triangular
        "roof" over the subtrees.  If C{roof} is false, draw a line
        between each subtree and the node.  Default value is false.
      - C{xspace}: The amount of horizontal space to leave between
        subtrees when managing this widget.  Default value is 10.
      - C{yspace}: The amount of space to place between the node and
        its children when managing this widget.  Default value is 15.
      - C{color}: The color of the lines connecting the node to its
        subtrees; and of the outline of the triangular roof.  Default
        value is C{'#006060'}.
      - C{fill}: The fill color for the triangular roof.  Default
        value is C{''} (no fill).
      - C{width}: The width of the lines connecting the node to its
        subtrees; and of the outline of the triangular roof.  Default
        value is 1.
      - C{orientation}: Determines whether the tree branches downwards
        or rightwards.  Possible values are C{'horizontal'} and
        C{'vertical'}.  The default value is C{'vertical'} (i.e.,
        branch downwards).
      - C{draggable}: whether the widget can be dragged by the user.

    The following attributes may also be added in the near future:
      - C{lineM{n}_color}: The color of the line connecting the node
        to its C{M{n}}th subtree.
      - C{lineM{n}_color}: The width of the line connecting the node
        to its C{M{n}}th subtree.
      - C{lineM{n}_color}: The dash pattern of the line connecting the
        node to its C{M{n}}th subtree.
        
    """
00066     def __init__(self, canvas, node, subtrees, **attribs):
        """
        @type node: 
        @type subtrees: C{list} of C{CanvasWidgetI}
        """
        self._node = node
        self._subtrees = subtrees

        # Attributes
        self._horizontal = 0
        self._roof = 0
        self._xspace = 10
        self._yspace = 15
        self._ordered = False

        # Create canvas objects.
        self._lines = [canvas.create_line(0,0,0,0, fill='#006060')
                       for c in subtrees]
        self._polygon = canvas.create_polygon(0,0, fill='', state='hidden',
                                              outline='#006060')

        # Register child widgets (node + subtrees)
        self._add_child_widget(node)
        for subtree in subtrees:
            self._add_child_widget(subtree)

        # Are we currently managing?
        self._managing = False

        CanvasWidget.__init__(self, canvas, **attribs)

00097     def __setitem__(self, attr, value):
        canvas = self.canvas()
        if attr is 'roof':
            self._roof = value
            if self._roof:
                for l in self._lines: canvas.itemconfig(l, state='hidden')
                canvas.itemconfig(self._polygon, state='normal')
            else:
                for l in self._lines: canvas.itemconfig(l, state='normal')
                canvas.itemconfig(self._polygon, state='hidden')
        elif attr == 'orientation': 
            if value == 'horizontal': self._horizontal = 1
            elif value == 'vertical': self._horizontal = 0
            else:
                raise ValueError('orientation must be horizontal or vertical')
        elif attr == 'color':
            for l in self._lines: canvas.itemconfig(l, fill=value)
            canvas.itemconfig(self._polygon, outline=value)
        elif isinstance(attr, tuple) and attr[0] == 'color':
            # Set the color of an individual line.
            l = self._lines[int(attr[1])]
            canvas.itemconfig(l, fill=value)
        elif attr == 'fill':
            canvas.itemconfig(self._polygon, fill=value)
        elif attr == 'width':
            canvas.itemconfig(self._polygon, {attr:value})
            for l in self._lines: canvas.itemconfig(l, {attr:value})
        elif attr in ('xspace', 'yspace'):
            if attr == 'xspace': self._xspace = value
            elif attr == 'yspace': self._yspace = value
            self.update(self._node)
        elif attr == 'ordered':
            self._ordered = value
        else:
            CanvasWidget.__setitem__(self, attr, value)

00133     def __getitem__(self, attr):
        if attr == 'roof': return self._roof
        elif attr == 'width':
            return self.canvas().itemcget(self._polygon, attr)
        elif attr == 'color':
            return self.canvas().itemcget(self._polygon, 'outline')
        elif isinstance(attr, tuple) and attr[0] == 'color':
            l = self._lines[int(attr[1])]
            return self.canvas().itemcget(l, 'fill')
        elif attr == 'xspace': return self._xspace
        elif attr == 'yspace': return self._yspace
        elif attr == 'orientation':
            if self._horizontal: return 'horizontal'
            else: return 'vertical'
        elif attr == 'ordered':
            return self._ordered
        else:
            return CanvasWidget.__getitem__(self, attr)
        
    def node(self):
        return self._node

    def subtrees(self):
        return self._subtrees[:]

00158     def set_node(self, node):
        """
        Set the node to C{node}.
        """
        self._remove_child_widget(self._node)
        self._add_child_widget(node)
        self._node = node
        self.update(self._node)

00167     def replace_child(self, oldchild, newchild):
        """
        Replace the child C{oldchild} with C{newchild}.
        """
        index = self._subtrees.index(oldchild)
        self._subtrees[index] = newchild
        self._remove_child_widget(oldchild)
        self._add_child_widget(newchild)
        self.update(newchild)

    def remove_child(self, child):
        index = self._subtrees.index(child)
        del self._subtrees[index]
        self._remove_child_widget(child)
        self.canvas().delete(self._lines.pop())
        self.update(self._node)

    def insert_child(self, index, child):
        self._subtrees.insert(index, child)
        self._add_child_widget(child)
        self._lines.append(canvas.create_line(0,0,0,0, fill='#006060'))
        self.update(self._node)

    # but.. lines???

00192     def _tags(self):
        if self._roof:
            return [self._polygon]
        else:
            return self._lines

    def _subtree_top(self, child):
        if isinstance(child, TreeSegmentWidget):
            bbox = child.node().bbox()
        else:
            bbox = child.bbox()
        if self._horizontal:
            return (bbox[0], (bbox[1]+bbox[3])/2.0)
        else:
            return ((bbox[0]+bbox[2])/2.0, bbox[1])

    def _node_bottom(self):
        bbox = self._node.bbox()
        if self._horizontal:
            return (bbox[2], (bbox[1]+bbox[3])/2.0)
        else:
            return ((bbox[0]+bbox[2])/2.0, bbox[3])

00215     def _update(self, child):
        if len(self._subtrees) == 0: return
        if self._node.bbox() is None: return # [XX] ???

        # Which lines need to be redrawn?
        if child is self._node: need_update = self._subtrees
        else: need_update = [child]

        if self._ordered and not self._managing:
            need_update = self._maintain_order(child)

        # Update the polygon.
        (nodex, nodey) = self._node_bottom()
        (xmin, ymin, xmax, ymax) = self._subtrees[0].bbox()
        for subtree in self._subtrees[1:]:
            bbox = subtree.bbox()
            xmin = min(xmin, bbox[0])
            ymin = min(ymin, bbox[1])
            xmax = max(xmax, bbox[2])
            ymax = max(ymax, bbox[3])
                
        if self._horizontal:
            self.canvas().coords(self._polygon, nodex, nodey, xmin, 
                                 ymin, xmin, ymax, nodex, nodey)
        else:
            self.canvas().coords(self._polygon, nodex, nodey, xmin, 
                                 ymin, xmax, ymin, nodex, nodey)

        # Redraw all lines that need it.
        for subtree in need_update:
            (nodex, nodey) = self._node_bottom()
            line = self._lines[self._subtrees.index(subtree)]
            (subtreex, subtreey) = self._subtree_top(subtree)
            self.canvas().coords(line, nodex, nodey, subtreex, subtreey)

    def _maintain_order(self, child):
        if self._horizontal:
            return self._maintain_order_horizontal(child)
        else:
            return self._maintain_order_vertical(child)

    def _maintain_order_vertical(self, child):
        (left, top, right, bot) = child.bbox()

        if child is self._node:
            # Check all the leaves
            for subtree in self._subtrees:
                (x1, y1, x2, y2) = subtree.bbox()
                if bot+self._yspace > y1:
                    subtree.move(0,bot+self._yspace-y1)

            return self._subtrees
        else:
            moved = [child]
            index = self._subtrees.index(child)

            # Check leaves to our right.
            x = right + self._xspace
            for i in range(index+1, len(self._subtrees)):
                (x1, y1, x2, y2) = self._subtrees[i].bbox()
                if x > x1:
                    self._subtrees[i].move(x-x1, 0)
                    x += x2-x1 + self._xspace
                    moved.append(self._subtrees[i])

            # Check leaves to our left.
            x = left - self._xspace
            for i in range(index-1, -1, -1):
                (x1, y1, x2, y2) = self._subtrees[i].bbox()
                if x < x2:
                    self._subtrees[i].move(x-x2, 0)
                    x -= x2-x1 + self._xspace
                    moved.append(self._subtrees[i])

            # Check the node
            (x1, y1, x2, y2) = self._node.bbox()
            if y2 > top-self._yspace:
                self._node.move(0, top-self._yspace-y2)
                moved = self._subtrees

        # Return a list of the nodes we moved
        return moved
    
    def _maintain_order_horizontal(self, child):
        (left, top, right, bot) = child.bbox()
        
        if child is self._node:
            # Check all the leaves
            for subtree in self._subtrees:
                (x1, y1, x2, y2) = subtree.bbox()
                if right+self._xspace > x1:
                    subtree.move(right+self._xspace-x1)

            return self._subtrees
        else:
            moved = [child]
            index = self._subtrees.index(child)

            # Check leaves below us.
            y = bot + self._yspace
            for i in range(index+1, len(self._subtrees)):
                (x1, y1, x2, y2) = self._subtrees[i].bbox()
                if y > y1:
                    self._subtrees[i].move(0, y-y1)
                    y += y2-y1 + self._yspace
                    moved.append(self._subtrees[i])

            # Check leaves above us
            y = top - self._yspace
            for i in range(index-1, -1, -1):
                (x1, y1, x2, y2) = self._subtrees[i].bbox()
                if y < y2:
                    self._subtrees[i].move(0, y-y2)
                    y -= y2-y1 + self._yspace
                    moved.append(self._subtrees[i])

            # Check the node
            (x1, y1, x2, y2) = self._node.bbox()
            if x2 > left-self._xspace:
                self._node.move(left-self._xspace-x2, 0)
                moved = self._subtrees

        # Return a list of the nodes we moved
        return moved

    def _manage_horizontal(self):
        (nodex, nodey) = self._node_bottom()

        # Put the subtrees in a line.
        y = 20
        for subtree in self._subtrees:
            subtree_bbox = subtree.bbox()
            dx = nodex - subtree_bbox[0] + self._xspace
            dy = y - subtree_bbox[1]
            subtree.move(dx, dy)
            y += subtree_bbox[3] - subtree_bbox[1] + self._yspace

        # Find the center of their tops.
        center = 0.0
        for subtree in self._subtrees:
            center += self._subtree_top(subtree)[1]
        center /= len(self._subtrees)

        # Center the subtrees with the node.
        for subtree in self._subtrees:
            subtree.move(0, nodey-center)

    def _manage_vertical(self):
        (nodex, nodey) = self._node_bottom()

        # Put the subtrees in a line.
        x = 0
        for subtree in self._subtrees:
            subtree_bbox = subtree.bbox()
            dy = nodey - subtree_bbox[1] + self._yspace
            dx = x - subtree_bbox[0]
            subtree.move(dx, dy)
            x += subtree_bbox[2] - subtree_bbox[0] + self._xspace

        # Find the center of their tops.
        center = 0.0
        for subtree in self._subtrees:
            center += self._subtree_top(subtree)[0]/len(self._subtrees)

        # Center the subtrees with the node.
        for subtree in self._subtrees:
            subtree.move(nodex-center, 0)

00383     def _manage(self):
        self._managing = True
        (nodex, nodey) = self._node_bottom()
        if len(self._subtrees) == 0: return
        
        if self._horizontal: self._manage_horizontal()
        else: self._manage_vertical()
            
        # Update lines to subtrees.
        for subtree in self._subtrees:
            self._update(subtree)
            
        self._managing = False

00397     def __repr__(self):
        return '[TreeSeg %s: %s]' % (self._node, self._subtrees)

def _tree_to_treeseg(canvas, t, make_node, make_leaf,
                     tree_attribs, node_attribs,
                     leaf_attribs, loc_attribs):
    if isinstance(t, Tree):
        node = make_node(canvas, t.node, **node_attribs)
        subtrees = [_tree_to_treeseg(canvas, child, make_node, make_leaf, 
                                     tree_attribs, node_attribs,
                                     leaf_attribs, loc_attribs)
                    for child in t]
        return TreeSegmentWidget(canvas, node, subtrees, **tree_attribs)
    else:
        return make_leaf(canvas, t, **leaf_attribs)

def tree_to_treesegment(canvas, t, make_node=TextWidget,
                        make_leaf=TextWidget, **attribs):
    """
    Convert a C{Tree} into a C{TreeSegmentWidget}.

    @param make_node: A C{CanvasWidget} constructor or a function that
        creates C{CanvasWidgets}.  C{make_node} is used to convert
        the C{Tree}'s nodes into C{CanvasWidgets}.  If no constructor
        is specified, then C{TextWidget} will be used.
    @param make_leaf: A C{CanvasWidget} constructor or a function that
        creates C{CanvasWidgets}.  C{make_leaf} is used to convert
        the C{Tree}'s leafs into C{CanvasWidgets}.  If no constructor
        is specified, then C{TextWidget} will be used.
    @param attribs: Attributes for the canvas widgets that make up the
        returned C{TreeSegmentWidget}.  Any attribute beginning with
        C{'tree_'} will be passed to all C{TreeSegmentWidget}s (with
        the C{'tree_'} prefix removed.  Any attribute beginning with
        C{'node_'} will be passed to all nodes.  Any attribute
        beginning with C{'leaf_'} will be passed to all leaves.  And
        any attribute beginning with C{'loc_'} will be passed to all
        text locations (for C{Tree}s).
    """
    # Process attribs.
    tree_attribs = {}
    node_attribs = {}
    leaf_attribs = {}
    loc_attribs = {}

    for (key, value) in attribs.items():
        if key[:5] == 'tree_': tree_attribs[key[5:]] = value
        elif key[:5] == 'node_': node_attribs[key[5:]] = value
        elif key[:5] == 'leaf_': leaf_attribs[key[5:]] = value
        elif key[:4] == 'loc_': loc_attribs[key[4:]] = value
        else: raise ValueError('Bad attribute: %s' % key)
    return _tree_to_treeseg(canvas, t, make_node, make_leaf,
                                tree_attribs, node_attribs,
                                leaf_attribs, loc_attribs)

##//////////////////////////////////////////////////////
##  Tree Widget
##//////////////////////////////////////////////////////

00455 class TreeWidget(CanvasWidget):
    """
    A canvas widget that displays a single C{Tree}.
    C{TreeWidget} manages a group of C{TreeSegmentWidget}s that are
    used to display a C{Tree}.

    Attributes:
    
      - C{node_M{attr}}: Sets the attribute C{M{attr}} on all of the
        node widgets for this C{TreeWidget}.
      - C{node_M{attr}}: Sets the attribute C{M{attr}} on all of the
        leaf widgets for this C{TreeWidget}.
      - C{loc_M{attr}}: Sets the attribute C{M{attr}} on all of the
        location widgets for this C{TreeWidget} (if it was built from
        a C{Tree}).  Note that location widgets are
        C{TextWidget}s. 
      
      - C{xspace}: The amount of horizontal space to leave between
        subtrees when managing this widget.  Default value is 10.
      - C{yspace}: The amount of space to place between the node and
        its children when managing this widget.  Default value is 15.
        
      - C{line_color}: The color of the lines connecting each expanded
        node to its subtrees.
      - C{roof_color}: The color of the outline of the triangular roof
        for collapsed trees.
      - C{roof_fill}: The fill color for the triangular roof for
        collapsed trees.
      - C{width}
      
      - C{orientation}: Determines whether the tree branches downwards
        or rightwards.  Possible values are C{'horizontal'} and
        C{'vertical'}.  The default value is C{'vertical'} (i.e.,
        branch downwards).
        
      - C{shapeable}: whether the subtrees can be independantly
        dragged by the user.  THIS property simply sets the
        C{DRAGGABLE} property on all of the C{TreeWidget}'s tree
        segments. 
      - C{draggable}: whether the widget can be dragged by the user.
    """
    def __init__(self, canvas, t, make_node=TextWidget,
                 make_leaf=TextWidget, **attribs):
        # Node & leaf canvas widget constructors
        self._make_node = make_node
        self._make_leaf = make_leaf
        self._tree = t

        # Attributes.
        self._nodeattribs = {}
        self._leafattribs = {}
        self._locattribs = {'color': '#008000'}
        self._line_color = '#008080'
        self._line_width = 1
        self._roof_color = '#008080'
        self._roof_fill = '#c0c0c0'
        self._shapeable = False
        self._xspace = 10
        self._yspace = 10
        self._orientation = 'vertical'
        self._ordered = False

        # Build trees.
        self._keys = {} # treeseg -> key
        self._expanded_trees = {}
        self._collapsed_trees = {}
        self._nodes = []
        self._leaves = []
        #self._locs = []
        self._make_collapsed_trees(canvas, t, ())
        self._treeseg = self._make_expanded_tree(canvas, t, ())
        self._add_child_widget(self._treeseg)

        CanvasWidget.__init__(self, canvas, **attribs)

00530     def expanded_tree(self, *path_to_tree):
        """
        Return the C{TreeSegmentWidget} for the specified subtree.

        @param path_to_tree: A list of indices i1, i2, ..., in, where
            the desired widget is the widget corresponding to
            C{tree.children()[i1].children()[i2]....children()[in]}.
            For the root, the path is C{()}.
        """
        return self._expanded_trees[path_to_tree]

00541     def collapsed_tree(self, *path_to_tree):
        """
        Return the C{TreeSegmentWidget} for the specified subtree.

        @param path_to_tree: A list of indices i1, i2, ..., in, where
            the desired widget is the widget corresponding to
            C{tree.children()[i1].children()[i2]....children()[in]}.
            For the root, the path is C{()}.
        """
        return self._collapsed_trees[path_to_tree]

00552     def bind_click_trees(self, callback, button=1):
        """
        Add a binding to all tree segments.
        """
        for tseg in self._expanded_trees.values():
            tseg.bind_click(callback, button)
        for tseg in self._collapsed_trees.values():
            tseg.bind_click(callback, button)

00561     def bind_drag_trees(self, callback, button=1):
        """
        Add a binding to all tree segments.
        """
        for tseg in self._expanded_trees.values():
            tseg.bind_drag(callback, button)
        for tseg in self._collapsed_trees.values():
            tseg.bind_drag(callback, button)

00570     def bind_click_leaves(self, callback, button=1):
        """
        Add a binding to all leaves.
        """
        for leaf in self._leaves: leaf.bind_click(callback, button)
        for leaf in self._leaves: leaf.bind_click(callback, button)
            
00577     def bind_drag_leaves(self, callback, button=1):
        """
        Add a binding to all leaves.
        """
        for leaf in self._leaves: leaf.bind_drag(callback, button)
        for leaf in self._leaves: leaf.bind_drag(callback, button)
            
00584     def bind_click_nodes(self, callback, button=1):
        """
        Add a binding to all nodes.
        """
        for node in self._nodes: node.bind_click(callback, button)
        for node in self._nodes: node.bind_click(callback, button)
            
00591     def bind_drag_nodes(self, callback, button=1):
        """
        Add a binding to all nodes.
        """
        for node in self._nodes: node.bind_drag(callback, button)
        for node in self._nodes: node.bind_drag(callback, button)
            
    def _make_collapsed_trees(self, canvas, t, key):
        if not isinstance(t, Tree): return
        make_node = self._make_node
        make_leaf = self._make_leaf

        node = make_node(canvas, t.node, **self._nodeattribs)
        self._nodes.append(node)
        leaves = [make_leaf(canvas, l, **self._leafattribs)
                  for l in t.leaves()]
        self._leaves += leaves
        treeseg = TreeSegmentWidget(canvas, node, leaves, roof=1,
                                    color=self._roof_color,
                                    fill=self._roof_fill,
                                    width=self._line_width)

        self._collapsed_trees[key] = treeseg
        self._keys[treeseg] = key
        #self._add_child_widget(treeseg)
        treeseg.hide()

        # Build trees for children.
        for i in range(len(t)):
            child = t[i]
            self._make_collapsed_trees(canvas, child, key + (i,))

    def _make_expanded_tree(self, canvas, t, key):
        make_node = self._make_node
        make_leaf = self._make_leaf

        if isinstance(t, Tree):
            node = make_node(canvas, t.node, **self._nodeattribs)
            self._nodes.append(node)
            children = t
            subtrees = [self._make_expanded_tree(canvas, children[i], key+(i,))
                        for i in range(len(children))]
            treeseg = TreeSegmentWidget(canvas, node, subtrees,
                                        color=self._line_color,
                                        width=self._line_width)
            self._expanded_trees[key] = treeseg
            self._keys[treeseg] = key
            return treeseg
        else:
            leaf = make_leaf(canvas, t, **self._leafattribs)
            self._leaves.append(leaf)
            return leaf

00644     def __setitem__(self, attr, value):
        if attr[:5] == 'node_':
            for node in self._nodes: node[attr[5:]] = value
        elif attr[:5] == 'leaf_':
            for leaf in self._leaves: leaf[attr[5:]] = value
        elif attr == 'line_color':
            self._line_color = value
            for tseg in self._expanded_trees.values(): tseg['color'] = value
        elif attr == 'line_width':
            self._line_width = value
            for tseg in self._expanded_trees.values(): tseg['width'] = value
            for tseg in self._collapsed_trees.values(): tseg['width'] = value
        elif attr == 'roof_color':
            self._roof_color = value
            for tseg in self._collapsed_trees.values(): tseg['color'] = value
        elif attr == 'roof_fill':
            self._roof_fill = value
            for tseg in self._collapsed_trees.values(): tseg['fill'] = value
        elif attr == 'shapeable':
            self._shapeable = value
            for tseg in self._expanded_trees.values():
                tseg['draggable'] = value
            for tseg in self._collapsed_trees.values():
                tseg['draggable'] = value
            for leaf in self._leaves: leaf['draggable'] = value
        elif attr == 'xspace':
            self._xspace = value
            for tseg in self._expanded_trees.values():
                tseg['xspace'] = value
            for tseg in self._collapsed_trees.values():
                tseg['xspace'] = value
            self.manage()
        elif attr == 'yspace':
            self._yspace = value
            for tseg in self._expanded_trees.values():
                tseg['yspace'] = value
            for tseg in self._collapsed_trees.values():
                tseg['yspace'] = value
            self.manage()
        elif attr == 'orientation':
            self._orientation = value
            for tseg in self._expanded_trees.values():
                tseg['orientation'] = value
            for tseg in self._collapsed_trees.values():
                tseg['orientation'] = value
            self.manage()
        elif attr == 'ordered':
            self._ordered = value
            for tseg in self._expanded_trees.values():
                tseg['ordered'] = value
            for tseg in self._collapsed_trees.values():
                tseg['ordered'] = value
        else: CanvasWidget.__setitem__(self, attr, value)

00698     def __getitem__(self, attr):
        if attr[:5] == 'node_':
            return self._nodeattribs.get(attr[5:], None)
        elif attr[:5] == 'leaf_':
            return self._leafattribs.get(attr[5:], None)
        elif attr[:4] == 'loc_':
            return self._locattribs.get(attr[4:], None)
        elif attr == 'line_color': return self._line_color
        elif attr == 'line_width': return self._line_width
        elif attr == 'roof_color': return self._roof_color
        elif attr == 'roof_fill': return self._roof_fill
        elif attr == 'shapeable': return self._shapeable
        elif attr == 'xspace': return self._xspace
        elif attr == 'yspace': return self._yspace
        elif attr == 'orientation': return self._orientation
        else: return CanvasWidget.__getitem__(self, attr)
        
00715     def _tags(self): return []

00717     def _manage(self):
        segs = self._expanded_trees.values() + self._collapsed_trees.values()
        for tseg in segs:
            if tseg.hidden():
                tseg.show()
                tseg.manage()
                tseg.hide()

00725     def toggle_collapsed(self, treeseg):
        """
        Collapse/expand a tree.
        """
        old_treeseg = treeseg
        if old_treeseg['roof']:
            new_treeseg = self._expanded_trees[self._keys[old_treeseg]]
        else:
            new_treeseg = self._collapsed_trees[self._keys[old_treeseg]]

        # Replace the old tree with the new tree.
        if old_treeseg.parent() is self:
            self._remove_child_widget(old_treeseg)
            self._add_child_widget(new_treeseg)
            self._treeseg = new_treeseg
        else:
            old_treeseg.parent().replace_child(old_treeseg, new_treeseg)

        # Move the new tree to where the old tree was.  Show it first,
        # so we can find its bounding box.
        new_treeseg.show()
        (newx, newy) = new_treeseg.node().bbox()[:2]
        (oldx, oldy) = old_treeseg.node().bbox()[:2]
        new_treeseg.move(oldx-newx, oldy-newy)

        # Hide the old tree
        old_treeseg.hide()

        # We could do parent.manage() here instead, if we wanted.
        new_treeseg.parent().update(new_treeseg)
        
##//////////////////////////////////////////////////////
##  draw_trees
##//////////////////////////////////////////////////////

00760 class TreeView(object):
    def __init__(self, *trees):
        from nltk.draw import CanvasFrame
        from math import sqrt, ceil
    
        self._trees = trees
        
        self._top = Tk()
        self._top.title('NLTK')
        self._top.bind('<Control-x>', self.destroy)
        self._top.bind('<Control-q>', self.destroy)

        cf = self._cframe = CanvasFrame(self._top)
        self._top.bind('<Control-p>', self._cframe.print_to_file)

        # Size is variable.
        self._size = IntVar(self._top)
        self._size.set(12)
        bold = ('helvetica', -self._size.get(), 'bold')
        helv = ('helvetica', -self._size.get())

        # Lay the trees out in a square.
        self._width = int(ceil(sqrt(len(trees))))
        self._widgets = []
        for i in range(len(trees)):
            widget = TreeWidget(cf.canvas(), trees[i], node_font=bold,
                                leaf_color='#008040', node_color='#004080',
                                roof_color='#004040', roof_fill='white',
                                line_color='#004040', draggable=1,
                                leaf_font=helv)
            widget.bind_click_trees(widget.toggle_collapsed)
            self._widgets.append(widget)
            cf.add_widget(widget, 0, 0)

        self._layout()
        self._cframe.pack(expand=1, fill='both')
        self._init_menubar()

    def _layout(self):
        i = x = y = ymax = 0
        width = self._width
        for i in range(len(self._widgets)):
            widget = self._widgets[i]
            (oldx, oldy) = widget.bbox()[:2]
            if i % width == 0:
                y = ymax
                x = 0
            widget.move(x-oldx, y-oldy)
            x = widget.bbox()[2] + 10
            ymax = max(ymax, widget.bbox()[3] + 10)
        
    def _init_menubar(self):
        menubar = Menu(self._top)

        filemenu = Menu(menubar, tearoff=0)
        filemenu.add_command(label='Print to Postscript', underline=0,
                             command=self._cframe.print_to_file,
                             accelerator='Ctrl-p')
        filemenu.add_command(label='Exit', underline=1,
                             command=self.destroy, accelerator='Ctrl-x')
        menubar.add_cascade(label='File', underline=0, menu=filemenu)

        zoommenu = Menu(menubar, tearoff=0)
        zoommenu.add_radiobutton(label='Tiny', variable=self._size,
                                 underline=0, value=10, command=self.resize)
        zoommenu.add_radiobutton(label='Small', variable=self._size,
                                 underline=0, value=12, command=self.resize)
        zoommenu.add_radiobutton(label='Medium', variable=self._size,
                                 underline=0, value=14, command=self.resize)
        zoommenu.add_radiobutton(label='Large', variable=self._size,
                                 underline=0, value=28, command=self.resize)
        zoommenu.add_radiobutton(label='Huge', variable=self._size,
                                 underline=0, value=50, command=self.resize)
        menubar.add_cascade(label='Zoom', underline=0, menu=zoommenu)

        self._top.config(menu=menubar)

    def resize(self, *e):
        bold = ('helvetica', -self._size.get(), 'bold')
        helv = ('helvetica', -self._size.get())
        xspace = self._size.get()
        yspace = self._size.get()
        for widget in self._widgets:
            widget['node_font'] = bold
            widget['leaf_font'] = helv
            widget['xspace'] = xspace
            widget['yspace'] = yspace
            if self._size.get() < 20: widget['line_width'] = 1
            elif self._size.get() < 30: widget['line_width'] = 2
            else: widget['line_width'] = 3
        self._layout()

    def destroy(self, *e):
        if self._top is None: return
        self._top.destroy()
        self._top = None

00857     def mainloop(self, *args, **kwargs):
        """
        Enter the Tkinter mainloop.  This function must be called if
        this demo is created from a non-interactive program (e.g.
        from a secript); otherwise, the demo will close as soon as
        the script completes.
        """
        if in_idle(): return
        self._top.mainloop(*args, **kwargs)

def draw_trees(*trees):
    """
    Open a new window containing a graphical diagram of the given
    trees.
        
    @rtype: None
    """
    TreeView(*trees).mainloop()
    return

##//////////////////////////////////////////////////////
##  Demo Code
##//////////////////////////////////////////////////////

def demo():
    import random
    def fill(cw):
        cw['fill'] = '#%06d' % random.randint(0,999999)
    
    cf = CanvasFrame(width=550, height=450, closeenough=2)

    t = bracket_parse('''
    (S (NP the very big cat)
       (VP (Adv sorta) (V saw) (NP (Det the) (N dog))))''')
                
    tc = TreeWidget(cf.canvas(), t, draggable=1, 
                    node_font=('helvetica', -14, 'bold'),
                    leaf_font=('helvetica', -12, 'italic'),
                    roof_fill='white', roof_color='black',
                    leaf_color='green4', node_color='blue2')
    cf.add_widget(tc,10,10)
    
    def boxit(canvas, text):
        big = ('helvetica', -16, 'bold')
        return BoxWidget(canvas, TextWidget(canvas, text,
                                            font=big), fill='green')
    def ovalit(canvas, text):
        return OvalWidget(canvas, TextWidget(canvas, text),
                          fill='cyan')

    treetok = bracket_parse('(S (NP this tree) (VP (V is) (AdjP shapeable)))')
    tc2 = TreeWidget(cf.canvas(), treetok, boxit, ovalit, shapeable=1)
    
    def color(node):
        node['color'] = '#%04d00' % random.randint(0,9999)
    def color2(treeseg):
        treeseg.node()['fill'] = '#%06d' % random.randint(0,9999)
        treeseg.node().child()['color'] = 'white'

    tc.bind_click_trees(tc.toggle_collapsed)
    tc2.bind_click_trees(tc2.toggle_collapsed)
    tc.bind_click_nodes(color, 3)
    tc2.expanded_tree(1).bind_click(color2, 3)
    tc2.expanded_tree().bind_click(color2, 3)

    paren = ParenWidget(cf.canvas(), tc2)
    cf.add_widget(paren, tc.bbox()[2]+10, 10)

    tree3 = bracket_parse('''
    (S (NP this tree) (AUX was)
       (VP (V built) (PP (P with) (NP (N tree_to_treesegment)))))''')
    tc3 = tree_to_treesegment(cf.canvas(), tree3, tree_color='green4',
                              tree_xspace=2, tree_width=2)
    tc3['draggable'] = 1
    cf.add_widget(tc3, 10, tc.bbox()[3]+10)

    def orientswitch(treewidget):
        if treewidget['orientation'] == 'horizontal':
            treewidget.expanded_tree(1,1).subtrees()[0].set_text('vertical')
            treewidget.collapsed_tree(1,1).subtrees()[0].set_text('vertical')
            treewidget.collapsed_tree(1).subtrees()[1].set_text('vertical')
            treewidget.collapsed_tree().subtrees()[3].set_text('vertical')
            treewidget['orientation'] = 'vertical'
        else:
            treewidget.expanded_tree(1,1).subtrees()[0].set_text('horizontal')
            treewidget.collapsed_tree(1,1).subtrees()[0].set_text('horizontal')
            treewidget.collapsed_tree(1).subtrees()[1].set_text('horizontal')
            treewidget.collapsed_tree().subtrees()[3].set_text('horizontal')
            treewidget['orientation'] = 'horizontal'

    text = """
Try clicking, right clicking, and dragging
different elements of each of the trees.
The top-left tree is a TreeWidget built from
a Tree.  The top-right is a TreeWidget built
from a Tree, using non-default widget
constructors for the nodes & leaves (BoxWidget
and OvalWidget).  The bottom-left tree is
built from tree_to_treesegment."""
    twidget = TextWidget(cf.canvas(), text.strip())
    textbox = BoxWidget(cf.canvas(), twidget, fill='white', draggable=1)
    cf.add_widget(textbox, tc3.bbox()[2]+10, tc2.bbox()[3]+10)

    tree4 = bracket_parse('(S (NP this tree) (VP (V is) (Adj horizontal)))')
    tc4 = TreeWidget(cf.canvas(), tree4, draggable=1,
                     line_color='brown2', roof_color='brown2',
                     node_font=('helvetica', -12, 'bold'),
                     node_color='brown4', orientation='horizontal')
    tc4.manage()
    cf.add_widget(tc4, tc3.bbox()[2]+10, textbox.bbox()[3]+10)
    tc4.bind_click(orientswitch)
    tc4.bind_click_trees(tc4.toggle_collapsed, 3)

    # Run mainloop
    cf.mainloop()

if __name__ == '__main__':
    demo()

Generated by  Doxygen 1.6.0   Back to index